Folk Dances & Songs :

Music plays an integral role in the vivid and varied cultural heritage of the Sultanate of Oman. Traditional music is closely associated with the nation’s daily practices and overall social structure, and is performed in groups, reflecting the essence of societal unity and solidarity.

Typically, music is played as part of age old customs and traditions, religious festivities and on national and private occasions such as weddings, circumcision and harvesting. More often than not, music is accompanied by dancing, singing and the recitation of poetry, which may vary in context and style from one Wilayat to another.

Traditional Omani music and the accompanying activities have deep-rooted foundations. Throughout the Sultanate, such music and folklore dances are performed to either stringed instruments such as the lute, rebec and oud, or wind instruments such as the flute, oboe and horn, or a combination of both.

The aforementioned instruments represent the ‘tune’ aspect of traditional Omani music. The ‘beat’ on which the music is based, is achieved through the use of 27 rhythm instruments, of which Al-Rahmani, Al-Kasser, Al-Masnad and Al-Marwas drums are the most prominent.

The Oman Centre for Traditional Music, pertaining to the Ministry of Information, is entrusted with the collection and documentation of traditional Omani music, songs and dances.