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Folk Dances & Songs :
Music plays an integral role in the vivid and varied
cultural heritage of the Sultanate of Oman. Traditional
music is closely associated with the nation’s daily
practices and overall social structure, and is performed
in groups, reflecting the essence of societal unity and
Typically, music is played as part of age old customs
and traditions, religious festivities and on national
and private occasions such as weddings, circumcision and
harvesting. More often than not, music is accompanied by
dancing, singing and the recitation of poetry, which may
vary in context and style from one Wilayat to another.
Traditional Omani music and the accompanying activities
have deep-rooted foundations. Throughout the Sultanate,
such music and folklore dances are performed to either
stringed instruments such as the lute, rebec and oud, or
wind instruments such as the flute, oboe and horn, or a
combination of both.
The aforementioned instruments represent the ‘tune’
aspect of traditional Omani music. The ‘beat’ on which
the music is based, is achieved through the use of 27
rhythm instruments, of which Al-Rahmani, Al-Kasser, Al-Masnad
and Al-Marwas drums are the most prominent.
The Oman Centre for Traditional Music, pertaining to the
Ministry of Information, is entrusted with the
collection and documentation of traditional Omani music,
songs and dances.